A Child Safeguarding Practice Review (previously known as a Serious Case Review (SCR)) is undertaken when a child dies or the child has been seriously harmed and there is cause for concern as to the way organisations worked together. The purpose of a child safeguarding practice review is for agencies and individuals to learn lessons that improve the way in which they work, both individually and collectively, to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
The trigger for this is a notifiable incident –
There is a Duty on local authorities to notify incidents to the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel (this is a National Panel). Working Together 2018 states that a local authority in England knows or suspects that a child has been abused or neglected, the local authority must notify the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel if
- the child dies or is seriously harmed in the local authority’s area, or
- while normally resident in the local authority’s area, the child dies or is seriously harmed outside England.
Initially a rapid review will be undertaken in order to ascertain whether a local child safeguarding practice review is appropriate , or whether the case may raise issues which are complex or of national importance such that a national review may be appropriate.
The Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Safeguarding Children Board (CPSCB) has a sub-committee which oversees and quality assures all the child safeguarding practice reviews undertaken by the Board, and provides advice on whether the criteria for conducting a review have been met. Any professional or agency may refer a case for consideration using the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Referral Form (updated February 2021)
Upon completion of a child safeguarding practice review, there is an expectation that the final report is published in full and will be available on the website for a minimum of 12 months. The report will include
- a summary of any recommended improvements to be made by persons in the area to safeguard and promote the welfare of children
- an analysis of any systemic or underlying reasons why actions were taken or not in respect of matters covered by the report.
Any recommendations will be clear on what is required of relevant agencies and others collectively and individually, and by when , and focussed on improving outcomes for children. Additional information and guidance in relation to child safeguarding practice reviews can be found in the statutory guidance Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018.
In addition to child safeguarding practice reviews, the Safeguarding Children Board will also undertake Multi-Agency Case Reviews / Partnership Reviews which do not meet the criteria for a child safeguarding practice review, but are considered to offer good opportunities to identify lessons for learning and ways in which multi-agency practice to safeguard children and young people can be improved locally.
Below you can find a leaflet for families explaining what a CSPR is, why we are undertaking a review and who will be involved
Published Case Reviews
Please see below every Child Safeguarding Practice Review published by the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Safeguarding Children Board in the past 12 months
A report investigating the deaths of Arthur Labinjo-Hughes and Star Hobson is calling for every local area to have an expert child protection unit. The national
Briefings from Case Reviews - for Professionals
What is a Serious Case Review (SCR)? A Serious Case Review (SCR), is undertaken by the Safeguarding Children Partnership Board when; Abuse or neglect of
What is a Serious Case Review (SCR)? A Serious Case Review (SCR), is undertaken by the Safeguarding Children Board when; Abuse or neglect of a
What is a Multi-Agency Review? A Multi-Agency Learning Review (MAR), is undertaken by the Safeguarding Children Board when; a child has been either significantly harmed
National Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel
The National Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel meets regularly to decide whether to commission national reviews of child safeguarding cases that are notified to it.
The panel’s decisions are based on the possibility of identifying improvements from cases which it views as complex or of national importance.
National Case Review Repository
The national case review repository, launched in November 2013, is the most comprehensive collection of case reviews in the UK. It provides a single place for published case reviews to make it easier to access and share learning at a local, regional and national level.
The repository has over 1,500 serious case reviews from England, Scotland and Wales, and thematic analysis reports from all four nations dating back to 1945. The collection also includes case reviews published anonymously on behalf of Safeguarding Children Partnerships.