Exploitation is a form of abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into any activity

  1. in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or
  2. for the financial or other advantage of the perpetrator of facilitator and/or
  3. through violence or the threat of violence.

Specific types of exploitation includes:

  • Modern Slavery (including human trafficking)
  • Sexual Exploitation
  • Criminal Exploitation
  • Financial Exploitation

The victim may still be exploited even if the activities that they are engaging in appear consensual.

Multiple types of exploitation can occur alongside or as part of other forms of abuse.
Exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.

Virtual Briefings

Guidance, Procedures and Assessment Tools

Contextual Risk Screening Tool

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County Lines Information Poster

Young people are often unaware that they’re being exploited until it’s too late.
Parents are unlikely to be aware of what is happening.

Spot the signs and know what to do if a child is being exploited

What you need to know about Child Criminal Exploitation

‘Reproduced by kind permission of Merseyside’s Violence Reduction Partnership. www.merseysidevrp.com

Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Poster

Child Exploitation - A guide for Parents/Carers

Child Exploitation - A guide for Young People

Child Sexual Exploitation - A guide for Professionals

Child Sexual Exploitation - Guide for Parents and Carers

Child Sexual Exploitation - A Guide for Young People

Child Sexual Exploitation - A guide for Businesses

Information for Businesses on Child Sexual Exploitation


SPP Cuckooing Fact Sheet
Appropriate Language in Relation to Child Exploitation

Guidance for professionals to be used when discussing the exploitation of children and young people, including when escalating intelligence and delivering training

Guidance of submitting intelligence Toolkit

Guidance for Families, Professionals and the community to help understand how intelligence can build a picture of current trends or patterns

For information and resources for working with children at risk of Sexual Abuse, please visit out Child Sexual Abuse page